1. This site uses cookies. By continuing to use this site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Learn More.

Indigenous animals and habitats

Discussion in 'Wildlife and National Parks' started by dane, Jul 16, 2016.

  1. dane

    dane New Member

    Are there any animals or habitats that only occur in India ?

    would love to see what makes India unique while I'm there!

  2. briannagodess

    briannagodess Well-Known Member

    Hello there!

    India is home to a wide variety of unique species of animals, plants and even fishes. There are about 500 wildlife sanctuaries in India. Not to mention, about 100 national parks. The country is also home to a huge variety of endangered species of animals. There are a lot of animals found exclusively in India. To list a few, here they are:

    • Bonnet Macaque
    • Lion-Tailed Macaque
    • Southern Plains Gray Langur
    • Madras Hedgehog
    • Nicobar Flying Fox
    • Malabar Civet
    • Nilgiri Tahr
    • Indian Giant Squirrel
    • Kutch Rock Rat
    • Nicobar Rat
    • Nicobar Megapode
    • Himalayan Quail
    • Andaman Crake
    • Nilgiri Woodpigeon
    • Large Gray Babbler
    • Southern Flying Lizard
    • Haridwar Agama
    • Khasi Hills Forest Lizard
    • Goan Day Gecko
    • Sikkim False Wolf Snake
    This is by no means an extensive list, as listing all the species of animals unique to India can take a lot of time. But as you can see, some places like Nicobar Islands, Andaman, Sikkim, Haridwar and Goa have their own unique species of animals.

    Now, let's go the list of endangered animals that can be found in India. Some of these animals aren't only found in India but many of them have large populations in the country, thanks to the conservation efforts of many sanctuaries. Some of these animals can now only be found in India even though they were once found in many regions of Asia. Here they are:

    List of Endangered Animals that can be found in India
    • One Horned Rhinoceros - This animal can only be found in India and Nepal. Half of the population of these majestic creatures can be found in the Kaziranga National Park.
    • Nilgiri Tahr - This is considered as the national animal of Tamil Nadu. Thankfully, through conservation efforts, their numbers has risen up to 3,000. You can see them in the Eravikulam National Park and of course, Nilgiri Hills.
    • Bengal Tiger - Ideally, you can find the Bengal Tigers in India, Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh. But around 70% of these tigers reside in India. Their numbers have decreased to just about 2,226 in India alone. Some parks that you can see them are: Jim Corbett National Park and Ranthambore National Park.
    • Asiatic Lion - These lions can now only be found in the Gir National Park and its outskirts. Ideally, they existed in the central, western and southern parts of Asia and in the eastern part of Europe. As of May 2015, about 523 Asiatic Lions are in existence in the different areas of the park.
    • Blackbuck - This can be found in India, Pakistan and Nepal. The Blackbuck is the state animal of: Andhra Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab. You can spot the Blackbuck in the following parks: Velavadar Blackbuck National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park, Kanha National Park and other parks in India.
    • Lion Tailed Macaque - I've mentioned this in the list above but it's worth repeating as it's also an endangered animal. You can only find this in the Western Ghats with about 2,900 of them existing in different parks and forests there.
    The Indian government has also tried to preserve many habitats in India. They are aiming to preserve not only the animals and plants in these habitats but the tribes or the communities in these regions. There are about 18 biosphere reserves in India. Some of them are:
    • Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve - About 85% of the Nicobar and Andaman islands are part of this reserve. The Campbell Bay National Park and the Galathea National Park are parts of this reserve. The Nicobar Scrubfowl and the Saltwater Crocodile are just some of the animals endemic in here.
    • Nilgiri Mountains - These are a range of mountains in the Western Ghats. Some of the peaks here are: Doddabetta Peak, Snowdon, Devashola and Avalanche Hill. The endangered Nilgiri Tahr can be found here.
    • Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve - This includes the Satpura Range of the Madhya Pradesh state. The Bori Sanctuary, Pachmarhi Sanctuary and Satpura National Park are all part of the reserve. Tigers, leopards and wild boars can be found here.
    I hope this helps!